How do institutions come to be ranked among the world’s top 200? Here is a brief look at the indicators used by Times Higher Education for their annual ranking of universities.
There are five performance indicators:
- Teaching (the learning environment)
- Research (volume, income and reputation)
- Citations (research influence)
- International outlook (staff, students and research)
- Industry income (knowledge transfer)
Higher Education Quality Quantified (source: Times Higher Education)
(1) The teaching component makes up 30% of the finally ranking and is based on extensive surveying which looks at the following areas: reputation survey, staff-to-student ratio, doctorate-to-bachelor’s ratio, doctorates-awarded- to-academic-staff ratio, and institutional income: 2.25%
(2) The research component also counts for 30% of the final ranking and is also a peer based survey, covering: reputation, research income and research productivity
(3) Citations, or research influence, is a further 30% of the final ranking. This is based on calculating the number of times a university’s published work is cited by other scholars internationally. The supplier of this data, Elsevier, examined 56 million citations.
(4) International outlook for staff, students, and research counts for 7.5% of the overall ranking, and is largely an indicator of the ability to attract international students and staff. This is based on a number of ratios: international-to-domestic-student ratio, international-to-domestic-staff ratio, and international collaboration.
(5) The final category is industry income, which makes up 2.5% of the final ranking, and is an assessment of knowledge transfer. A university’s ability to help industry with innovations, inventions and consultancy is a core mission of the contemporary global academy. This category seeks to capture such knowledge-transfer activity by looking at how much research income an institution earns from industry scaled against the number of academic staff it employs.
Photo credit: “www.timeshighereducation.com”. Material used in the preparation of this article has been drawn from Times Higher Education.