Biological Design and Integrative Structures – Analysis, Simulation and Implementation in Architecture

Following on from a series of recent post relating to innovative developments in building materials, design, construction and architecture… today we highlight the SFB-TRR 141 website which showcases collaborative research in developing designs and materials which draw on biology and integrative structures.

The initiative focuses on the analysis and abstraction of design and construction principles in nature and their implementation in architecture. Recent developments in computational design, simulation and fabrication offer new options for analysing natural constructions and for transferring their principles to the macro-scale of building construction and other fields of technology.

The aim of the Centre is not only to increase performance, but also to transfer the inherent ecological properties of natural structures, i.e. mainly the effective usage of limited resources and closed material cycles, to architecture and building technologies.

“An important characteristic of natural structures is their multi-layered, hierarchically structured, finely tuned and highly differentiated combination of a few basic molecular components leading to structures that are characterised by multiple networked functions.”

— Prof. Jan Knippers

The entire programme is conceptualised as a dialogue: the functionally important features of the biological systems will be abstracted into a model representing the properties of interest and the underlying design principles. This model will serve as a basis for the simulation of functional morphology and for technical implementation.

In terms of the process of so-called ‘reverse biomimetics’ the results will represent the foundations for further investigations and a more detailed understanding of the investigated biological systems.

As a general goal, the programme aims to contribute to the conceptualisation and foundation of biomimetics as a scientific discipline in the context of architecture and building technologies.

Photo credit: “www.colourbox.com”. Material used in the preparation of this article has been drawn from ITKE / University of Stuttgart.

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